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JANUARY 30

Mahatma Gandhi is assassinated - 1948

The biggest Hindu and pacifist leader Mahatma Gandhi is shot dead at 78 by a fanatical young Hindu. Gandhi, a preacher of world peace, dedicated himself, like few politicians of his time, to reconciliation with Muslims. Most Muslims did not feel represented by him and insisted on the creation of their own state, Pakistan. He accepts the division of the country and attracts the hatred of the Hindus.
Many of his thoughts about the gulf between city and country, about resolving conflicts without the call for violence remain current, and not just within India's borders.