Geography

Formation of Brazilian Culture (continued)


Portuguese culture

Portugal was the European country that exerted the greatest influence on the formation of Brazilian culture.

The Portuguese performed a cultural transplantation to the colony, highlighting the Portuguese language, spoken throughout the country, and the Catholic religion, belief of a large part of the population, with extensive religious calendar, with its parties and processions. Administrative institutions, the type of construction of villages, towns and cities and agriculture are part of the Portuguese heritage left to the Brazilian people.

In Brazilian folklore, it is evident the large number of Portuguese festivals and dances that have been incorporated into the country, among them the cavalcade, the fandango, the June festivals (one of the main festivals of northeastern culture) and the ox festivities. The legends of folklore (the cuca and the bogeyman), the songs of roda (live fish, the carnation and the rose, roda pião etc.) remain alive in Brazilian culture.


The gangs are inheritance of the French court and were introduced in Brazil in the seventeenth century by the Portuguese. They celebrate the feasts of St. John, St. Anthony and St. Peter in June.


Pirenópolis Cavalhadas (Pirenópolis, Goiás) of Portuguese origin - masked during the performance of the Divine anthem.