Russian writer (9/9 / 1828-20 / 11/1910). An exponent of realistic literature, he criticizes society and morals in late nineteenth-century Russia and is considered one of the greatest writers of all time. Lev Nikoayevich, Count of Tolstoy, is born in Iasnaia-Poliana, Tula Province.
He studies languages and laws at Kazan University, but, dissatisfied with the formal education system, drops out before graduation. In 1852 he enlists in the Army and fights in the Crimean War (1853-1856). He then began his literary career, inspired by the experiences of military life.
They are from this time Sebastopol Tales (1855) and The Cossacks (1963). Returns to family property and marries Sonia Andreievna Bers. While writing his two greatest novels, War and peace (1869) and Anna Karenina (1877), enters into spiritual crisis and questions the society in which he lives.
He rejects the authority of the Russian Orthodox Church and is excommunicated in 1901. At age 82, he leaves home after several fights with his wife, who does not accept her desire to donate family property. He dies days later from pneumonia at Astapovo railway station in the province of Riaz.